Josh Berman #10 INF Orange Coast

gp 40
avg .311
hr 3
rbi 26
r 32
sb -
Recent Games
May 12 Riverside W, 11-6
May 18 El Camino W, 9-0
May 19 El Camino W, 7-4
May 26 vs. Sacramento City L, 6-4
May 27 vs. Mt. San Antonio W, 10-4
May 27 vs. Sacramento City L, 8-6
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 40 172nd 20 310th
Plate appearances 142 475th 79 466th
At Bats 122 457th 71 391st
Runs 32 165th 19 122nd
Hits 38 361st 22 310th
Doubles 10 150th 5 166th
Triples 1 249th 1 104th
Home Runs 3 137th 1 208th
Runs Batted In 26 208th 12 302nd
Total bases 59 264th 32 262nd
Walks 12 488th 4 664th
Hit by pitch 7 176th 4 163rd
Strikeouts 29 153rd 18 83rd
Sacrifice Flies 1 392nd - -
Sacrifice Hits - - - -
Hit into double play 2 393rd 2 161st
Stolen Bases - - - -
Caught Stealing - - - -
Batting Average .311 251st .310 293rd
On Base Percentage .401 258th .380 373rd
Slugging Percentage .484 131st .451 234th
Appearances 19 83rd 7 337th
Games started 0 598th 0 442nd
Wins 2 267th 0 450th
Losses 3 168th 2 120th
Saves 5 20th 3 14th
Complete Games - - - -
Shutouts - - - -
Innings Pitched 27.2 424th 12.1 469th
Hits 25 508th 16 411th
Runs 17 503rd 13 332nd
Earned Runs 15 457th 11 292nd
Walks 21 224th 7 402nd
Strikeouts 32 264th 14 310th
Strikeouts per Game 10.41 - 10.22 -
Doubles Allowed 4 502nd 1 599th
Triples Allowed 1 1st 1 1st
Home Runs Allows 2 203rd 2 94th
At Bats Against 103 445th 53 435th
Batting Average Against .243 276th .302 552nd
Earned Run Average 4.88 - 8.03 -
Wild pitches 2 196th 2 247th
Hit Batters 3 334th 3 367th
Balks - - - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed 2 307th - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed 2 230th 1 1st
Total Chances 62 750th 32 739th
Put Outs 17 1029th 8 988th
Assists 39 290th 19 297th
Errors 6 279th 5 137th
Fielding Percentage .903 814th .844 883rd
Double Plays - - - -
Stolen Bases Allowed - - - -
Runners Caught Stealing - - - -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage - - - -
Passed Balls - - - -
Catcher's Interference - - - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Jan 27 Desert W, 8-0 2 1 1 1 - - 2 1 1 - -
Jan 30 at Southwestern W, 3-2 3 0 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 1 at Cuesta L, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 2 at Cuesta W, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 3 at Cuesta L, 9-7 4 1 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Feb 6 Long Beach W, 5-2 1 1 1 1 - - 1 - - - -
Feb 7 at Palomar L, 5-1 4 0 2 1 - - 1 - - - -
Feb 9 Mt. San Antonio L, 10-8 3 1 2 - - 1 3 2 1 - -
Feb 13 at Long Beach W, 11-6 5 2 2 1 - - 2 - 1 - -
Feb 14 Long Beach L, 11-6 4 0 0 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Feb 16 Palomar L, 10-2 2 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 17 at Desert W, 22-0 3 3 0 - - - 0 2 1 - -
Feb 20 Southwestern L, 9-4 3 1 1 - - 1 2 1 1 - -
Feb 24 Canyons W, 7-3 4 1 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 27 at Canyons W, 6-5 4 1 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 6 at Santa Ana W, 13-2 3 3 2 1 - 1 1 1 - - -
Mar 8 Santa Ana W, 2-1 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 9 at Santa Ana W, 16-11 4 3 3 - - - 0 1 - - -
Mar 13 Cypress W, 4-3 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 15 at Cypress L, 9-8 5 1 2 1 - - 2 - 1 - -
Mar 17 Cypress L, 7-1 4 1 0 - - - 0 1 3 - -
Mar 20 at Golden West L, 12-2 2 0 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 21 at Golden West W, 6-5 2 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 23 Golden West W, 8-4 4 2 1 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Mar 27 Oxnard W, 10-4 4 0 1 1 - - 2 - 1 - -
Mar 29 Santa Barbara W, 8-6 3 1 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 30 Santa Barbara W, 9-8 2 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 31 Ventura W, 16-6 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 3 at Saddleback L, 8-1 4 0 1 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Apr 5 Saddleback W, 8-2 4 2 3 - - - 1 - - - -
Apr 6 at Saddleback W, 7-4 4 0 1 1 - - 2 1 - - -
Apr 10 Fullerton W, 9-5 5 2 2 - - - 1 - 2 - -
Apr 12 at Fullerton W, 16-1 5 2 2 1 - - 1 - 1 - -
Apr 14 Fullerton W, 4-2 4 1 3 1 1 - 3 - - - -
Apr 17 Irvine Valley W, 8-7 4 1 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 19 at Irvine Valley W, 5-3 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 21 Irvine Valley L, 20-9 5 1 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 24 at Riverside W, 8-7 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 26 Riverside L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Riverside W, 12-5 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
May 4 Cuesta W, 4-3 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
May 5 Cuesta W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 Riverside W, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 Riverside W, 11-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 El Camino W, 9-0 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
May 19 El Camino W, 7-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 26 vs. Sacramento City L, 6-4 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
May 27 vs. Mt. San Antonio W, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 vs. Sacramento City L, 8-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Jan 27 Desert W, 8-0 - - - 2 1 - - - - 3
Jan 30 at Southwestern W, 3-2 - - - 1 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Feb 1 at Cuesta L, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 2 at Cuesta W, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 3 at Cuesta L, 9-7 - - - 1 0 - - 2 - 4
Feb 6 Long Beach W, 5-2 - - - 2 1 - - - - 1
Feb 7 at Palomar L, 5-1 - - - 3 1 - - 1 - 4
Feb 9 Mt. San Antonio L, 10-8 - - - 5 1 - - - - 5
Feb 13 at Long Beach W, 11-6 - - - 3 1 - - 2 - 5
Feb 14 Long Beach L, 11-6 - - - 0 0 - 2 1 2.00 4
Feb 16 Palomar L, 10-2 - - - 1 0 - 1 - - 2
Feb 17 at Desert W, 22-0 1 - - 0 0 - - 1 - 6
Feb 20 Southwestern L, 9-4 - - - 4 1 - - - - 4
Feb 24 Canyons W, 7-3 - - - 1 0 - - 2 - 5
Feb 27 at Canyons W, 6-5 1 - - 1 0 - - - - 5
Mar 6 at Santa Ana W, 13-2 - - - 6 2 - - 1 - 4
Mar 8 Santa Ana W, 2-1 - - - 0 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Mar 9 at Santa Ana W, 16-11 1 - - 3 0 - - 1 - 6
Mar 13 Cypress W, 4-3 - - - 0 0 - - 2 - 4
Mar 15 at Cypress L, 9-8 - - - 3 1 - 2 - - 5
Mar 17 Cypress L, 7-1 - - - 0 0 1 1 - - 5
Mar 20 at Golden West L, 12-2 - - - 1 0 - - - - 2
Mar 21 at Golden West W, 6-5 2 - - 0 0 - - 2 - 4
Mar 23 Golden West W, 8-4 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 4
Mar 27 Oxnard W, 10-4 - 1 - 2 1 - 1 2 0.50 5
Mar 29 Santa Barbara W, 8-6 1 - - 1 0 - 1 - - 4
Mar 30 Santa Barbara W, 9-8 - - - 0 0 - - 1 - 2
Mar 31 Ventura W, 16-6 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 3 at Saddleback L, 8-1 - - - 1 0 1 1 - - 4
Apr 5 Saddleback W, 8-2 - - - 3 0 - 1 - - 4
Apr 6 at Saddleback W, 7-4 - - - 2 1 - 3 - - 5
Apr 10 Fullerton W, 9-5 - - - 2 0 - 1 - - 5
Apr 12 at Fullerton W, 16-1 - - - 3 1 - - 2 - 5
Apr 14 Fullerton W, 4-2 - - - 6 2 - - 1 - 4
Apr 17 Irvine Valley W, 8-7 1 - - 0 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
Apr 19 at Irvine Valley W, 5-3 - - - 0 0 - - 3 - 4
Apr 21 Irvine Valley L, 20-9 - - - 1 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
Apr 24 at Riverside W, 8-7 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 26 Riverside L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Riverside W, 12-5 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
May 4 Cuesta W, 4-3 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
May 5 Cuesta W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 Riverside W, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 Riverside W, 11-6 - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 El Camino W, 9-0 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
May 19 El Camino W, 7-4 - - - - - - - - - -
May 26 vs. Sacramento City L, 6-4 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
May 27 vs. Mt. San Antonio W, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 vs. Sacramento City L, 8-6 - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Jan 27 Desert W, 8-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Jan 30 at Southwestern W, 3-2 0 0 0 1 1.0 2 2 2 18.00 1 - -
Feb 1 at Cuesta L, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 2 at Cuesta W, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 3 at Cuesta L, 9-7 0 0 0 0 1.0 - - - 0.00 2 2 -
Feb 6 Long Beach W, 5-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 7 at Palomar L, 5-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 9 Mt. San Antonio L, 10-8 0 0 0 0 2.0 - - - 0.00 1 - -
Feb 13 at Long Beach W, 11-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 14 Long Beach L, 11-6 0 0 0 0 1.0 - - - 0.00 1 1 -
Feb 16 Palomar L, 10-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 17 at Desert W, 22-0 0 0 0 0 2.0 2 - - 0.00 1 4 -
Feb 20 Southwestern L, 9-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 24 Canyons W, 7-3 0 0 0 0 1.0 - - - 0.00 1 1 -
Feb 27 at Canyons W, 6-5 0 1 0 0 1.2 2 - - 0.00 - 2 -
Mar 6 at Santa Ana W, 13-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 8 Santa Ana W, 2-1 0 0 0 1 4.0 3 - - 0.00 1 5 -
Mar 9 at Santa Ana W, 16-11 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 13 Cypress W, 4-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 15 at Cypress L, 9-8 0 0 1 0 1.0 2 3 3 27.00 3 2 1
Mar 17 Cypress L, 7-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 20 at Golden West L, 12-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 21 at Golden West W, 6-5 0 0 0 1 1.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 Golden West W, 8-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 27 Oxnard W, 10-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 29 Santa Barbara W, 8-6 0 0 0 1 1.0 - - - 0.00 1 2 -
Mar 30 Santa Barbara W, 9-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 31 Ventura W, 16-6 0 0 0 0 2.0 1 - - 0.00 - 2 -
Apr 3 at Saddleback L, 8-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 5 Saddleback W, 8-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 6 at Saddleback W, 7-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 10 Fullerton W, 9-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 12 at Fullerton W, 16-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 14 Fullerton W, 4-2 0 0 0 1 1.0 3 1 1 9.00 - 1 -
Apr 17 Irvine Valley W, 8-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 19 at Irvine Valley W, 5-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 21 Irvine Valley L, 20-9 0 0 1 0 0.1 2 4 4 108.00 - - -
Apr 24 at Riverside W, 8-7 0 0 0 0 3.0 2 2 2 6.00 3 4 1
Apr 26 Riverside L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Riverside W, 12-5 0 0 0 0 2.0 4 3 1 4.50 - 2 -
May 4 Cuesta W, 4-3 0 1 0 0 1.0 1 - - 0.00 1 2 -
May 5 Cuesta W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 Riverside W, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 Riverside W, 11-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 El Camino W, 9-0 0 0 0 0 1.0 - - - 0.00 2 - -
May 19 El Camino W, 7-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 26 vs. Sacramento City L, 6-4 0 0 1 0 0.2 1 2 2 27.00 3 2 -
May 27 vs. Mt. San Antonio W, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 vs. Sacramento City L, 8-6 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Jan 27 Desert W, 8-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Jan 30 at Southwestern W, 3-2 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 1 at Cuesta L, 10-8 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 2 at Cuesta W, 6-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 3 at Cuesta L, 9-7 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 6 Long Beach W, 5-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 7 at Palomar L, 5-1 5 3 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 9 Mt. San Antonio L, 10-8 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 13 at Long Beach W, 11-6 1 0 0 1 .000 - - - - - -
Feb 14 Long Beach L, 11-6 3 1 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 16 Palomar L, 10-2 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 17 at Desert W, 22-0 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 20 Southwestern L, 9-4 4 1 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 24 Canyons W, 7-3 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Feb 27 at Canyons W, 6-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 6 at Santa Ana W, 13-2 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 8 Santa Ana W, 2-1 1 0 0 1 .000 - - - - - -
Mar 9 at Santa Ana W, 16-11 3 0 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 13 Cypress W, 4-3 3 1 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 15 at Cypress L, 9-8 2 1 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 17 Cypress L, 7-1 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 20 at Golden West L, 12-2 4 1 1 2 .500 - - - - - -
Mar 21 at Golden West W, 6-5 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 23 Golden West W, 8-4 2 1 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 27 Oxnard W, 10-4 7 1 6 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 29 Santa Barbara W, 8-6 2 1 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 30 Santa Barbara W, 9-8 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 31 Ventura W, 16-6 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Saddleback L, 8-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 5 Saddleback W, 8-2 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Saddleback W, 7-4 2 1 0 1 .500 - - - - - -
Apr 10 Fullerton W, 9-5 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 12 at Fullerton W, 16-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 14 Fullerton W, 4-2 3 0 3 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 17 Irvine Valley W, 8-7 2 0 1 1 .500 - - - - - -
Apr 19 at Irvine Valley W, 5-3 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 21 Irvine Valley L, 20-9 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 24 at Riverside W, 8-7 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 26 Riverside L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 27 at Riverside W, 12-5 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
May 4 Cuesta W, 4-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 5 Cuesta W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 11 Riverside W, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 12 Riverside W, 11-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 18 El Camino W, 9-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 19 El Camino W, 7-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 26 vs. Sacramento City L, 6-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 27 vs. Mt. San Antonio W, 10-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
May 27 vs. Sacramento City L, 8-6 - - - - - - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 40 122 32 38 10 1 3 26 12 29 - - .311 .401 .484
Conference 20 71 19 22 5 1 1 12 4 18 - - .310 .380 .451
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 22 66 16 19 4 1 2 17 6 19 - - .288 .360 .470
Away 17 56 16 19 6 - 1 9 6 10 - - .339 .448 .500
Neutral 1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
 
-
Wins 28 82 26 26 8 1 1 17 8 17 - - .317 .418 .476
Losses 12 40 6 12 2 - 2 9 4 12 - - .300 .364 .500
 
-
January 2 5 1 2 1 - - 2 2 1 - - .400 .571 .600
February 11 37 11 12 3 - 2 10 6 7 - - .324 .444 .568
March 13 41 11 11 3 - 1 6 3 13 - - .268 .367 .415
April 11 39 9 13 3 1 - 8 1 8 - - .333 .366 .462
May 3 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - - - - -
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 40 7 1 - 59 14 2 18 31 0.58 142
Conference 20 4 - - 32 7 2 12 18 0.67 79
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Home 22 2 1 - 31 7 1 11 15 0.73 75
Away 17 5 - - 28 7 1 7 16 0.44 67
Neutral 1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
 
-
Wins 28 7 1 - 39 10 - 10 25 0.40 98
Losses 12 - - - 20 4 2 8 6 1.33 44
 
-
January 2 - - - 3 1 - 1 1 1.00 7
February 11 2 - - 21 5 - 3 9 0.33 45
March 13 4 1 - 17 4 1 6 11 0.55 49
April 11 1 - - 18 4 1 8 10 0.80 41
May 3 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 19 0 2 3 5 - 27.2 25 17 15 21 32 10.41 2 4.88
Conference 7 0 0 2 3 - 12.1 16 13 11 7 14 10.22 2 8.03
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
 
-
Home 10 0 1 1 3 - 14.1 10 5 5 8 14 8.79 - 3.14
Away 8 0 1 1 2 - 12.2 14 10 8 10 16 11.37 2 5.68
Neutral 1 0 0 1 0 - 0.2 1 2 2 3 2 27.00 - 27.00
 
-
Wins 13 0 2 0 5 - 21.2 20 8 6 11 25 10.38 1 2.49
Losses 6 0 0 3 0 - 6.0 5 9 9 10 7 10.50 1 13.50
 
-
January 1 0 0 0 1 - 1.0 2 2 2 1 - .00 - 18.00
February 6 0 1 0 0 - 8.2 4 - - 6 10 10.38 - 0.00
March 5 0 0 1 3 - 9.0 6 3 3 5 11 11.00 1 3.00
April 4 0 0 1 1 - 6.1 11 10 8 3 7 9.95 1 11.37
May 3 0 1 1 0 - 2.2 2 2 2 6 4 13.50 - 6.75
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 40 62 17 39 6 .903 - - - - - -
Conference 20 32 8 19 5 .844 - - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
 
-
Home 22 36 7 27 2 .944 - - - - - -
Away 17 26 10 12 4 .846 - - - - - -
Neutral 1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
 
-
Wins 28 39 9 26 4 .897 - - - - - -
Losses 12 23 8 13 2 .913 - - - - - -
 
-
January 2 2 0 2 0 1.000 - - - - - -
February 11 18 7 10 1 .944 - - - - - -
March 13 29 8 18 3 .897 - - - - - -
April 11 13 2 9 2 .846 - - - - - -
May 3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -